Technology such as television and the Internet, for example, have been instrumental in spreading ideas from place to place, while the advent of air travel has had a similar effect on contagious diseases. Indo-European language family is the largest language family. An example of contagious diffusion is the early spread of Christianity, which spread from the Middle East to Europe. One method of diffusion is known as expansion diffusion, which is broken down into three distinct types. What are the types of expansion diffusion? 1.0Unit 1 Overview: Thinking Geographically, 1.1Introduction to Maps and Types of Maps, 2.0Unit 2 Overview: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes, 2.2Consequences of Population Distribution, 3.5Historical Causes of Cultural Diffusion,   Unit 4: Political Patterns & Processes, 4.0Unit 4 Overview: Political Patterns and Processes, 4.10Consequences of Centrifugal and Centripital Forces, ‍  Unit 5: Agriculture & Rural Land-Use, 5.0Unit 5 Overview: Agriculture and Rural Land-Use Patterns and Processes, 5.2Settlement Patterns and Survey Methods, 5.10Consequences of Agricultural Practices, 5.11Challenges of Contemporary Agriculture, 6.1The Origin and Influences of Urbanization,   Unit 7: Industrial & Economic Development, 7.0Unit 7 Overview: Industrial and Economic Development Patterns and Processes, Human Geography Multiple Choice Questions, AP Human Geography Multiple Choice Help (MCQ), AP Human Geography Self-Study and Homeschool. What are the different types of cultural diffusion? religions when people are in contact with belief systems especially universalizing religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam. An example of contagious diffusion is the early spread of Christianity, which spread from the Middle East to Europe. Expansion Diffusion. Stimulus diffusion is when an idea, principle or innovation underlying a phenomenon spreads to a small portion of a population, even though the phenomenon itself may not be diffused. Missionaries spread christianity. Includes: (1 page) ONE blank Cultural Diffusion at McDonald’s Worksheet with QR codes and example. Hierarchical Diffusion is when an idea spreads by passing first among the most connected individuals, then spreading to other individuals. Hierarchical diffusion occurs when an idea is spread from a person or organization that holds authority over others. The definition of cultural diffusion (noun) is the geographical and social spread of the different aspects of one more cultures to different ethnicities, religions, nationalities, regions, etc. // Leaf Group Lifestyle, Stages of Intellectual Development in Children & Teenagers, CBS News: Where's the Beef? Cultural hearth is defined as a place where innovations and new ideas originate and diffuse to other places which can include Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley, etc. ; Eric Petrun; February 2009. A business CEO is more informed on matters within their company before the spread of that information to employees and the general public. You can also think about popular music first reaching urban centers, city communities in New York, LA, Chicago before gaining popularity among the wider public. 1881 and 1914 to live in Britain or the United States. Maladaptive Diffusion is the adoption of diffusing traits that are not practical or reflective of a region's environment or culture. what are the historical causes of diffusion? the spread of grass lawns and monoculture crops which are both actively very harmful to the environment, the popularity of wearing blue jeans in any weather despite the impracticality of wearing them in the winter season. What Affects Patterns of Global Food Distribution? Another example can be seen in the spread of the bubonic plague that ravaged London during the 16th century, or the widespread influenza pandemic of 1918. As they relocate to a new location, they bring their ideas, cultural tradition such as food, music, and more. What is so complicated about the topics of cultural assimilation, appropriation, and commodification? This type of diffusion is typically seen in cases where an idea is communicated by a political leader or person of influence and spreads. Expansion diffusion is used to explain a variety of phenomena in numerous disciplines, from the spread of disease in medicine to the process of human settlement in the study of geography 1. The following study guides in this unit series go into additional examples of cultural diffusion in specific historic and modern contexts. Ex: buildings, artwork, Protestant churches in the US South - Cathedrals in Southern/western Europe, mosques in Southwest Asia. An example is provided for students. Diffusion is the process by which a particular phenomenon — such as a contagious disease, a technological innovation or even an idea — is spread from person to person over a period of space and time. An example of contagious diffusion is the early spread of Christianity, which spread from the Middle East to Europe. An example of hierarchical diffusion can be seen in the popularity of rap and hip-hop music, which began in low-income black neighborhoods in densely populated urban areas before spreading out and gaining widespread acceptance among members of other socio-economic and geographical groups. What is the difference between relocation diffusion and expansion diffusion? Culture complex combines cultural traits (attributes of culture). Hierarchical diffusion occurs when an idea is spread from a person or organization that holds authority over others. Immigration from country to country, city to city, etc. 3.5 Historical Causes of Cultural Diffusion, 3.6 Contemporary Causes of Cultural Diffusion, Fiveable Community students are already meeting new friends, starting study groups, and sharing tons of opportunities for other high schoolers. Hierarchical diffusion also explains the widespread imitation of the hairstyle worn by actress Jennifer Aniston on the hit sitcom "Friends.". This image depicts the Diffusion S Curve by Hagerstrand specifically in the model of the adoption of technology. What is the difference between folk and popular culture? The changing interpretations of religious texts as they are translated into other languages. In this form of expansion diffusion, most adjacent individuals will be affected. There are three sub-types of Expansion diffusion: Stimulus, Hierarchical, and Contagious. A language family is a group of languages originating from an earlier language (protolanguage-reconstructed ancestral language). Which types of regions are best used to help us understand culture? 92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams. In this way, the phenomenon of McDonald's has spread to India although the fundamental principle underlying the company's success has not. Expansion Diffusion is the spread of an idea through a population where the amount of those influenced grows continuously larger. Expansion diffusion is used to explain a variety of phenomena in numerous disciplines, from the spread of disease in medicine to the process of human settlement in the study of geography 1. This typically begins in an urban setting before eventually reaching less populated areas. Watch: Cultural Diffusion, Language, and Religion. As its name suggests, contagious diffusion occurs when a particular characteristic is rapidly transmitted throughout the population. In this way, the phenomenon of McDonald's has spread to India although the fundamental principle underlying the company's success has not. Another example can be seen in the spread of the bubonic plague that ravaged London during the 16th century, or the widespread influenza pandemic of 1918. Another way to think of it is like the spreading of a forest fire. Cultural diffusion is about the spreading of culture over time. Almost all cultural diffusions will have some aspect of stimulus diffusion because of the ways culture adapts to new environmental, social, and political conditions. Many cultural components of Southern US architecture, cuisine, and music have African and Caribbean origins due to the forced relocation and enslavement of African people during the trans-atlantic slave trade. This resulted from waves of industrialization and technological innovations, social media, popular music culture, immigration. Culture is defined as a particular group's material characteristics, behavioral patterns, beliefs, social norms, and attitudes that are shared and transmitted. As its name suggests, contagious diffusion occurs when a particular characteristic is rapidly transmitted throughout the population. Languages can unify, diffuse, change, divide, and more. Effects on Country People are Emigrating From, Effects on Country People Are Immigrating To, Overview of Political Patterns & Processes, Physical Geography and Agricultural Practices, Technology and Economies of Scale (with regards to agriculture). Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. How does religion affect the cultural landscape? The stages include innovators, early adopters (small groups of those that can afford), followed by majority adopters (faster rate of adoption once price decreases) and lastly laggards/late adopters (rate of adoption slows down). Stimulus diffusion is when an idea, principle or innovation underlying a phenomenon spreads to a small portion of a population, even though the phenomenon itself may not be diffused. Strictly defined, expansion diffusion is the process of spreading something from one place to another in an ever-expanding "snowballing" process. What is cultural appropriation and how is it harmful? Sense of place is the perception based on our emotional connection and association to a certain place). when videos or songs go viral, they contagiously diffuse like wildfire through the help of modern technological innovations. Watchlist: Fiveable Reviews on the meaning of cultural diffusion and the definition of culture. play trivia, follow your subjects, join free livestreams, and store your typing speed results. the globalization of social networking, media platforms. As its name suggests, contagious diffusion occurs when a particular characteristic is rapidly transmitted throughout the population. Ex: Spanish speakers that immigrated to the United States and learned English mostly speak it when in public while also speaking their native language around friends and family from Spain. Contagious Diffusion is defined as distance-controlled spreading of an idea through a local population by contact from person to person. 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